This is done by looking at a number of key factors that influence the values of a national currency and the market as a whole. In this article, we’re going to focus on just two of such influences: interest rates and economic stability.
Why are interest rates important?
When trading in currencies, you need to pay careful attention to their current, past and potential interest rates, as they will have a highly significant effect on their value, and in determining how attractive they are to investors. These interest rates are set by the central bank of the country in question, who may adjust the rate in response to other factors in the overall market, and external events.
For example, interest rates in Singapore dropped significantly at the beginning of 2017, as a result of a weakening of the US dollar, and other more seasonal factors. This then, made the Singapore Dollar less attractive, and so less valuable.
Generally speaking, when a central bank increases interest rates on its currency, it encourages investment due to the enhanced opportunities for profit, and this increase in demand, in turn, leads to the currency commanding a higher price.
Conversely, if interest rates decrease, so too does the potential for profit, and so traders sell, and the value of the currency also decreases in line with the reduced demand for it.
In Forex trading, you need to anticipate changes in interest rates using all the intelligence available to you, and more importantly changes in the difference between interest rates of the two currencies you plan to trade, known as the interest rate differential. An expanding differential means that the higher valued currency will increase in value in terms of the currency pair, while a contracting differential will do the opposite.
How to use economic stability to guide your decisions
The economic stability of a country, now and in the future, is also a critical factor in determining the value of its currency and whether it’s right to invest in. But what is economic stability?
The Business Dictionary defines economic stability as a state held by a nation, “that displays only minor fluctuations in output growth and exhibits a consistently low inflation rate.” A stable economy has a low level of risk and so attracts investors and increases demand. An unstable or weakening economy meanwhile is at risk of debt default and a devaluing currency, as a result of lost confidence.
Singapore, for example, is regarded as having a highly stable economy, making it an attractive prospect for investors.
As a Forex trader, what’s important is to pay attention to economic predictions, trends and political and current events that may affect economic stability in a nation, and the effect that this may have on the value of its currency. The key to success then lies in accurately predicting the movement of these factors.
Over 9.6 million people now trade online, with a third of them living in Asia.
Since 2013, Brokernotes have collected data on over half a million traders to produce one of the most comprehensive reports on the attributes of the modern trader. You can access the entire report for free here.
Highlights from the report:
---Over 50% of online traders earn less than £35k per year
---Almost 50% of online traders drive a basic car or have no car at all
---The majority of online traders are young adults, and their numbers are increasing
---3 out of 4 cryptocurrency traders are aged 18-34
---Over 95% of traders live outside of a financial centre like New York, London, or Hong Kong. In the UK, 60% of traders live and work outside of London
---The UK has almost twice as many traders as any other European country
---1 in 10 online traders are female and their numbers are on the rise
---42% of women traders classed themselves as experienced traders
---81% of traders choose a Windows PC over a Mac